Zika virus in El Salvador

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El Salvador
El Salvador

El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador had a population of approximately 6.38 million, making it the most densely populated country in the region.

There are more than 5,000 cases of Zika virus reported in El Salvador. More than 20 countries in Central America including Barbados and Bolivia, Guadeloupe and Guatemala, Puerto Rico and Panama have registered local transmission of Zika virus.

The first case of Zika virus in El Salvador was reported in November 2015. The country has sent samples to the United States for testing of Zika virus.

On 21 January 2016, the government of El Salvador advised people to put off having children for two years because of the threat.

Efforts to tackle Zika virus

In 2016, the El Salvador government has advised women not to get pregnant until 2018. The announcement came as the country is combating Zika virus which is believed to cause microcephaly in infants.

The country has launched fumigation programs in mosquito-breeding areas.